According to Hindu beliefs, Brahma is the creator of
this Universe. It is believed that the humans evolved from the different parts
of Brahma, from the ‘mouth’ portion of Brahma were Brahmins, those from arms
were ‘Kshatriyas’, those from the thighs were ‘Vaishyas’ and those from the
feet were ‘Shudras’.  Lord Brahma gave
the task of keeping the records of people born and dead to the god Yama, also
known as Dharamraj or Yamraj. Yama declared that he could not reasonably be
expected to keep track of the many people born of the eighty-four different
life forms in the three worlds.

After thousand years of penance, when Brahma
opened his eyes, he saw a man sitting with pen and paper. The divine man asked
Brahmaji – Oh Lord who am I? – What is the purpose of my creation? – give me
orders. Brahmaji said – child, I got you after a great mortification. You were
inside me, inside my body, inside my mind in the form of godly element. Your
name will be Chitragupta and you will be called “Kayastha.” You are
my “Manasputra”, the son according to the Puranas, by wish and not by
condition – you will perform the religious rites by “Devyadnya” (a
fire sacrifice), “rishiyadnya” (in respect of Rishis),
“rutiuyodnay (reception and acceptance of all seasons) and
“atithiyadnya” (reception of the guests) and show the humans the
obedience of the religion. You will be established in the form thirteenth Yama
(penance) and you will stay in human minds in the form of soul. You will keep a
register of their good and bad deeds, keeping in mind and paying attention to
their thoughts on death and their good and bad works. It will be your decisionto
give them heavenly peace and happiness or grief and sorrow in hell depending
upon their deeds. You will be known as “Yamrajay Dharmarajay” and you
will be worshipped by gods, demons, demi-gods, etc., with gratification by the
creatures on the earth. Chitragupta is the first one in universe to use
letters, as explained in Garuda Purana and this class was intellectual and
educated class and it maintained records of accounts in life and after life.

Chitragupta assumed charge of Yamapuri. Chitragupta
had eight sons from his wife, Irawati, daughter of Dharma Shrama Brahmashri
& four sons from his second wife Nandini, daughter of Shraddhadev Manu
& became the progenitors of the twelve subdivisions of the Chitraguptavansi
Kayasthas, namely Saxena, Mathur, Gaur, Nigam, Ashthana, Kulshrestha,
Suryadwaja, Bhatnagar, Ambastha, Shrivastava, Karana and Vaalmik.

Beginning of the Vedic Script:
Brahmi script was created by
Brahma. The authority measure for this was Chitragupta. The script to the
writing system was given by Chitragupta. Chitragupta was the creator to bring
the language of Gods, “Sanskrit” to script and to make it easy for
all creatures. In the beginning, people used to follow
“Shruti-smriti” in which the people used to convey knowledge in the
form of stories and these stories used to be memorized and remembered. Making
the script for Sanskrit, Chitragupta brought it to the visionary medium.
It is said that he used a pen
to bring administration and discipline and a minimum of a sword of exhibit

Puja is observed on the fifth day of Diwali and on this day, pen, stationary
items and paper are worshipped and the observers submit their incomes and
expenses on paper and offer to the Lord Chitragupta. On this day, the Kayastha
Samaaj put their pen to rest on this day.

Chitragupta Puja is performed by Kayastha Parivar that
believes in world peace, justice, knowledge and literacy, the four primary
virtues depicted by the form of Shree Chitraguptajee. The puja is also known as
Dawat (Inkpot) Puja, in which the books and pen are worshipped, symbolizing the
importance of study in the life of a Kayastha. During the Chitragupta Puja,
earning members of the also give account of their earning, writing to Chitragupta
Maharaj the additional amount of money that is required to run the household,
next year.

Happy Chitragupta Puja!!

Pen Is Mightier Than Sword!!!


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