Deepawali, the festival of lights is one of the
Hindu festivals, which is celebrated on new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar
month Kartik. On this festival, it is a colorful display of lights and Goddess
Lakshmi, the creator & protector of wealth, prosperity and fame are
worshiped with great fervor. The celebration of Diwali as the “victory of
good over evil”
It is the darkest night of this season and is
illuminated with lights, houses and offices decorated with rangoli and flowers
and crackers are lit, so it is the celebration of light and sound and family
get together. Gifts and sweets are exchanged and in few parts of India, it’s
celebrated as New Year celebration.
There are different legends and Myths associated
with this festival of Deepawali.
Return of Shri Ram To Ayodhya:
The most famous legend behind the celebrations of
Diwali is about the prince of Ayodhya Nagri – Lord Shri Ram. The king of Lanka,
Ravana, kidnapped Ram’s wife – Sita from the jungle, where they were staying as
per the instructions of King Dashratha, father of Lord Ram. In order to freed
Sita from Ravana’s custody, Ram attacked him. This was followed by a war, in
which, Ram defeated Ravan and released Sita from his custody. On the arrival of
Lord Ram along with his wife Sita, people of Ayodhya decorated their homes as
well as the city of Ayodhya by lighting tiny diyas all over, in order to
welcome their beloved prince Shri Ram and Devi Sita.
Incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi:
auspicious new moon day, which is ‘Amavasyaa’ of the Hindi month of Kartik, the
Goddess of wealth and prosperity – Lakshmi was incarnated. She appeared during
the churning of the ocean, which is known as ‘Samudra Manthan’, by the demons
on one side and Gods on the other side. Therefore, the worship of Goddess
Lakshmi, the Lakshmi Puja, on the day of Diwali, became a tradition.
Coronation of King Vikramaditya:
Another legend or story about Diwali celebrations
relates to one of the greatest Hindu King – Vikramaditya. It was the day when
he was crowned and the people celebrated this event by lighting tiny earthen
It is the celebration of joy and the people
rejoice by decorating their houses with lights, bursting of crackers (though it
is quite minimal these days to curb noise & air pollution), visiting people with
gifts and sweets, spreading happiness among all.
This festival of lights is not only restricted to
our country, India, but it is celebrated in other parts of the world with great
fervor and the places are illuminated with lights.