The second day of Diwali festival is called Naraka Chaturdashi, celebrated after the festival Dhanteras, on the 14th day of Krishna Paksha of Karthik.( A month of Hindu Calendar)
According to Hindu mythology, this festival is observed to commemorate the victory of Lord Krishna with the killing of wicked demon Naraka. It is a victory over good over evil, hence it is celebrated as “Naraka Chaturdashi.”
This day is also celebrated as the birthday of Hanumanji or Hanuman jayanti. Also, on this day Hanumanji reached Ayodhya to deliver the long-awaited message of Lord Rama's return. Just like Diwali people light Diya’s on Chhoti Diwali to fill their homes with light, worship Goddess Laxmi and offer prayers to her and they also burst firecrackers but all these things are not as grand as they are on the day of main Diwali .
According to Hindu mythology, Narakasur, the son of Mother Earth, becomes an evil Asur who ruled several kingdoms brought under his rule by force. Narakasur comes to rule Heaven and Earth. Lord Indra pleads with Lord Vishnu who promises to deal with the matter in his incarnation as Krishna. In his incarnation as Krishna, he attacks Narakasur while riding his mount Garuda with his wife Satyabhama and beheads him with the Sudarshan Chakra.
Narkasur had fought against neighbouring kings and imprisoned 16,000 women, daughters of the Gods and saints. He had also defeated Lord Indra and taken away the magnificient kundale (earrings) from the ears of Aditi, mother of the Gods. When Lord Krishna learnt about Narakasur’s deeds, he decided to engage him in battle and liberate all the celestials. Narkasur was granted a boon by Lord Brahma that he will only die at the hands of a woman. So in the battle, it is Lord Krishna's wife Satyabhama who beheads him with Krishna as her Saarthi. Hence, it is celebrated as a victory over evil.
The Story of King Bali:
With his valour Bali conquered every bit of space, thus he became the most powerful king on earth. In his kingdom, justice was mere word, truth had no place and happiness was a dream. His form of charity was an occasion for pomp and show and those who went to seek Alms from the king Bali suffered the indignity of insults and humiliation. His false beliefs, arrogance and misrule ended when the Lord disguised as beggar and humble proved to Bali that his concepts were totally wrong and even his vast wealth could disappear in seconds. King Bali asked the dwarf beggar to ask for anything in his kingdom and with three steps even his crown vanished. With his first step Lord Vishnu covered the entire heaven and with the second step the earth and asked Bali where to keep his third step. Bali offered his head and became spiritually enlightened. Thus, this festival has a far deeper significance than a mere exhibition of gaiety and splendor. The Narak Chaturdashi day therefore is dedicated to lights and prayers heralding a future full of joy and the elimination of greed.
On the day of Kali Chaudas, Maha-Kali is worshipped and is believed that on this day Kali killed the wicked Naraka. Kali Chaudas is day to abolish laziness and evil which create hell in our life and shine light on life.
The legend of Lord Hanuman is also associated with Kali Chaudous. Hanumanji as a baby was very hungry. Whilst lying down he saw the sun in the sky and thought it was a fruit and went to pick it. He flew into the sky and put the whole sun in his mouth causing darkness throughout the entire universe. Lord Indra requested that Hanumanji return the sun. When Hanumanji refused, Lord Indra unleashed his vajra and knocked Hanumanji down to earth releasing the Sun.
Naraka Chaturdashi in Goa:
Goa (India) celebrates Naraka Chaturdashi in a unique way. Effigies of the demon Narkasura are created over many months and then paraded through the streets through the day and into the evening & it concludes with the burning of these effigies, filled with fire crackers and bursting of crackers and other associated revelry.
This day, a day before Deepawali is also known as Choti Diwali and on this day, people are busy in cleaning and decorating their houses with lights, rangolis, flowers and other traditional motifs.
Wish You All A Very Happy Deepawali!
Celebrate With Full Gaeity and let the lights of Deepawali illuminate the lives of all.
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